Japan Heritage “300 Years of Tango Chirimen Textile Road”: Exploring the Root of Tango Chirimen Textile
The history of silk textile in the Tango area is old; the silk fabric dedicated to Emperor Shomu in 739 from there, called “Ashiginu”, still exists in Shosoin, the imperial treasure house.
The Tango area is wet from autumn to winter due to the seasonal wind called “Uranishi”. This weather brings good water and humidity adequate for silk textile making, for silk yarns tend to be cut easily in the dry air. It was about 300 years ago when a silk merchant Saheiji from Mineyama of Tango brought back the technique of Kyoto Nishijin Chirimen textile and introduced it in the region to start Tango Chirimen textile.
The flexible “Tango Chirimen” has established a firm brand since then. Due to its greatness to produce colors, it has been used as the kimono fabric with colorful dyeing to support domestic kimono culture. The industry welcomed its peak in the 1960-70s though the technique of Tango Chirimen and the local culture associated with it has been conveyed to this day, which you will also observe in this tour.
|Koori Shrine located inside Amino Shrine was established in 1925 after the discussion between the people involved in Tango Chirimen textile and silk yarns to together enshrine gods of textile and sericulture. The architecture from 1782, which was originally the main shrine of Amino Shrine, is diverted to be used as Koori Shrine. It deifies gods associated with sericulture apart from the ultimate god of Amaterasu Omikami.|
|Tayuh Kigyo Chirimen Textile Factory|
|A Tango Chirimen textile factory. Take a break here and enjoy the garden "Garden of Hosenju" designed by Mirei Shigemori, one of the garden planners that represents the Japanese gardeners of the 20th century.|
|This shrine was established by the Kyogoku Family, who were the feudal lords of Mineyama domain and supported Tango Chirimen. Due to the development of the textile, the shrine owns a vast sacred land and a number of buildings where festive events are held. In its precincts there is a smaller shrine called Konoshima Shrine established by yarn marchants and sericulturists, where a statue of a guardian cat is erected, for cats wipe out mice that are the enemy of sericulture.|
|The graveyard of the silk merchant Saheiji (later renamed as Jirobei Morita), one of the establishers of Tango Chirimen is located in this temple. The annual memorial service for him is still offered today.|
|Yamatou Orimono Chirimen Textile Factory|
|This Chirimen weaving factory has been in operation for about 180 years since 1833.
It started to weave only plain textile but currently it also produces silk Furoshiki wrapping clothes and Fukusa, a small silk cloth for tea ceremony with the help from the people in dyeing and manufacturing.
|You hear the sound of weaving here and there when you walk in Tango. At a corner of Yosano town, there is an area called "Chirimen Kaido street" (appointed as a Important Preservation District of Historic Buildings by the government of Japan), which remains unchanged. The buildings that tell the history of Tango Chirimen convey the atmosphere from the 20th century, when the industry was at its peak. People from this time invested in public development such as building roads, power stations and railways from the capital earned by the production and distribution of Chirimen. In 1926, Kaya Railway was started with the investment from the local people. It finished its role in 1985 but its station building is now utilized as a railway museum that houses a steam locomotive from that time. Various gorgeous festivals that involve processions have been also passed down to this day.|
|Meeting place||Yuhigaura Hot-spring|
|Duration||1 October 2018～31 March 2019|
|Excluded dates||28 December 2018～4 January 2019|
|Timing||9：00～17：30 （8.5 hours） Gather at the meeting place by 8:50|
|Group size||2〜3 people|
|Minimum no. of participants||2 people|
|Price||27,000 yen per person|
|Contact for reservation||Kyoto by the sea DMO Tour Center 0772-68-1355|
|Application deadline||3 days in advance of the departure date|
|Cancellation terms||In accord with Terms and Conditions (20% fee is charged for a cancellation received by 10 days before departure, 30% by 7 days, 40% by the day before, 50% by departure time, 100% if not showing up without contact)|
|Special gift||Original clear file|
|Fees included in price||Chartered taxi, entrance and workshop fee, tax|
|Weather||May be cancelled if there are advisories of impending bad weather|
|Other||Route may change depanding on the road conditions|
|9：00 Yuhigaura →9：15 Koori Shrine→9：45Tayuu Kigyo (See a textile factory & have a break)10：45→11：00 Kotohira Shrine (Guardian cats）11：30→12：00 Lunch (Tango Bara Sushi)→Zenjoji Temple (The first Tango Chirimen textile)→13：00 Yamatou Orimono 14：00→15：00 Chirimen Street Area (Handweaving factory "Hata Musubi", Kyu Nishiyama Factory, Jissoji Temple, Kyu Bitouke, Handweaving workshop)→Amanohashidate station|
|The driver of the tourist taxi will be the guide.|